Glaucoma is a condition of the optic nerve at the back of your eye that sends signals related to your vision to your brain. It is a major global health problem, and all these types of Glaucoma diseases combined are the second leading cause of blindness in the world.
Glaucoma is caused by many factors, some of which are unknown. The biggest contributing factor, however, is the pressure in the eye. It is also a condition that optometrists can treat and try to control, which is how Glaucoma is managed.
There is a genetic component to Glaucoma. If you have a family history of the disease, then you are more likely to develop it in your lifetime. Optometrists diagnose Glaucoma by looking at the pressure within the eye. If the pressure is high, then it increases a patient’s risk for developing Glaucoma. The optometrist will also look at the peripheral field of vision for each individual eye. Glaucoma normally affects your peripheral vision before it affects your central vision. The optic nerve at the back of your eye will also be studied in detail by your optometrist if Glaucoma is suspected.
Many Glaucoma cases remain undiagnosed. One of the estimated reasons for the high number of undiagnosed Glaucoma is the lack of cost-effective screening methods. The reason why early detection is important is that it can be managed, thereby preventing significant deterioration.
Thanks to advances in technology, eye care professionals can help you to detect Glaucoma early. Regular visits to your optometrist can help you decrease the risk of blindness and visual impairment.
Being diagnosed with Glaucoma can be a devastating experience, but with the help of an experienced optometrist, you can slow down the progression and the adverse effects associated with the disease. Book an eye exam through one of the providers at 3 FOR 1 GLASSES today.