Vision and Learning Disabilities

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Vision and learning go hand-in-hand. In fact, experts say that roughly 80% of what a child learns in school is information that is presented visually. So good vision is essential for students of all ages to reach their full academic potential.

When children have difficulty in school learning to read, understanding fractions, seeing the blackboard, many parents and teachers believe these kids have vision problems. And sometimes, they’re right. Eyeglasses or contact lenses often help children better see the board in the front of the classroom and the books on their desks.

Ruling out simple refractive errors is the first step in making sure your child is visually ready for school. But nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism are not the only visual disorders that can make learning more difficult.

Less obvious vision problems related to the way the eyes function and how the brain processes visual information also can limit your child’s ability to
learn. Any vision problems that have the potential to affect academic and reading performance are considered learning-related vision problems.

Learning-related vision problems are not learning disabilities. Individuals with specific learning disability as: “. . . a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia.”

But specific vision problems can contribute to learning problems, whether or not a child has been diagnosed as “learning disabled.” In other words, a child struggling in school may have a specific learning disability, a learning related vision problem, or both. If you are concerned about your child’s performance in school, you need to find out the underlying cause (or causes) of the problem. The best way to do this is through a team approach that may include the child’s teachers, the school psychologist, an eye doctor who specializes in children’s vision and learning-related vision problems and perhaps other professionals.

Identifying all contributing causes of the learning problem increases the chances that the problem can be successfully treated.

Vision and Learning Disabilities Ultima modificare: 2017-08-29T01:22:11+00:00 de către Karen

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